He rushes to tell the royal couple, who are in the midst of welcoming Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, two of Hamlet’s closest childhood friends called upon by none other than them to identify the reason behind Hamlet’s strange behavior. Hamlet discovers the letter and rewrites it – asking for the heads of his friends instead. Death as a Theme in Hamlet. Hamlet feigns madness, contemplates life and death, and seeks revenge. In order to carry this out, Hamlet feigns madness; as part of his insanity, he scorns the affections of Ophelia, daughter of Polonius, to whom he had made romantic overtures. He wrote it somewhere between the year 1599 and 1602. As is the wine Claudius sets aside for Hamlet to drink after the duel. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet (/ˈhæmlɪt/), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime between 1599 and 1601. Normally, it doesn’t count as an accident kill if you wildly stab a rustling, moving curtain – but, in the case of Hamlet, it apparently does. Buy Study Guide. The people in Norway and Denmark use their titles to tell one from another, since most of them share the same names. VOLTIMAND CORNELIUS ROSENCRANTZ GUILDENSTERN OSRIC courtiers. Free PDF. We learn that the king has overridden the objections of the clergy and provided for her burial. Therefore his actions do point to very irrational behaviour. Hamlet was written between 1600 and 1602, and first printed in 1603. A short summary of … Do not miss out on this opportunity! Are you trying to tell the audience something?” – so Hamlet goes to her room. The main gravedigger sends his partner off for a cup of liquor and then commences to dig, singing songs all the w… Next. REYNALDO, servant to Polonius. A … Download. Hamlet’s body is taken offstage with the honors due a soldier. And Hamlet is even more surprised when his father's … ⚫ ⚫ ⚫ ⚫ ⚫ ⚫ Barnardo and Francisco have seen a ghost twice ⚫ Marcellus brings Horatio to confirm Even after determining Claudius’s guilt through his intricate plot, Hamlet is unable to take action. They are both wounded with the deadly poison. Free download or read online Hamlet pdf (ePUB) book. Read a character analysis of Hamlet, plot summary, and important quotes. Therefore, we usually do NOT keep any of these books in compliance with any particular paper edition. In a final discussion, students talk about the play and some of the themes it touches on. Download PDF Package. Barnardo and Marcellus reveal that they have witnessed an apparition: endobj Polonius, the Court Chamberlain, also commands Ophelia to avoid contact with Hamlet. Download with Google Download with Facebook. A ghost resembling the recently-deceased King of Denmark stalks the ramparts of Elsinore, Denmark’s royal castle, over the course of several nights, setting all the castle’s guardsmen on edge. Laertes, son of Polonius, is leaving for Paris. Hamlet, in particular, has a lot of "most famous" things in it: it's Shakespeare's most famous play about Shakespeare's most famous character (that would be Hamlet), and it contains Shakespeare's most famous line: "To be or not to be, that is the question" (3.1.64). Hold your horses now: it gets even bloodier and less comprehensible from here on! And time tends to pass quickly with so much action! Hamlet Summary Summary. – some foul play involved in his death. When Hamlet’s father, the old King of Denmark, died, his brother Claudius became the new king. Horatio comes just in time to hear Hamlet’s dying words. Many people disagree about what Hamlet is really thinking. Players. You see, now that he has a confession from the murdered man himself – which, if possible, would have rendered Sherlock Holmes useless – he decides to “put an antic disposition on,” which is a fancy way of saying that he’s about to go all Jeffrey Goines on everybody, waiting for the right moment to kill Claudius. Hamlet angry with his mother because she remarried so quickly. Interestingly enough, it’s not a question of whether the Ghost exists. And to make matters even more complicated, Polonius forces Ophelia to act as if she’s still in love with Hamlet so that he, Claudius and Gertrude can spy on them and see Hamlet’s reactions. (Besides the structure of the play, think of Hamlet's isolation - he also rises far above the other characters in the play - his betrayal, his wasted potential, his being a "victim of circumstances", et al.) A soldier keeping watch on the battlements of Elsinore Castle in Denmark. A short summary of this paper. Understand every line of Hamlet. Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Hamlet: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. https://www.thoughtco.com/hamlet-characters-descriptions-analysis-4427907 Hamlet Plot Summary 'Hamlet' Summary. Set in Denmark, the play depicts Prince Hamlet and his revenge against his uncle, Claudius, who has murdered Hamlet's father in order to seize his throne and marry Hamlet's mother. (Though we really think that this will not hold up in court!). g Hamlet puts on a play where a king is killed by his brother. A short summary of this paper. Places the events of the play in historical context and discusses each act in detail. Learn more and more, in the speed that the world demands. Hamlet Summary New! You know, the guy he saw praying and passed on killing just a few seconds ago! So, yeah – it’s pretty essential that you know a thing or two about this play. Led by none other but Prince Fortinbras, the son of Norway’s recently diseased King Fortinbras. He spent about half of his time on earth writing (1589 – 1613) and ended up with an oeuvre of (roughly) 39 plays, 154 sonnets and 2 long narrative poems. Hamlet in movies. Gertrude informs Claudius about the murder of Polonius by Hamlet. Analysis of Hamlet . Hamlet – the depressed son of Hamlet and, if he had lived to have a child with Ophelia, probably the father of at least one or two Hamlets as well; also – the nephew of Claudius, and a talented playwright and actor. Hamlet’s trusted friend, Horatio, reports it to Hamlet. Plot Summary Characters Hamlet — The prince of Denmark, son of Gertrude, nephew of Claudius, and heir to the throne. Of course we’re talking about William Shakespeare’s “Hamlet,” perhaps the only book in which the Danish talk in English the English have trouble understanding. Hamlet nearly gets his chance for revenge when, on the way to see Gertrude, he comes upon Claudius, alone and praying in a chamber. The ghost of the King of Denmark tells his son Hamlet to avenge his murder by killing the new king, Hamlet's uncle. He warns his sister Ophelia against Hamlet’s attentions. Also, Denmark is in a constant war with Norway – even though Scandinavian countries are not exactly known as warlike for the past millennium or so – and expects an invasion anytime soon. And Hamlet doesn’t want Horatio to kill himself for two reasons: 1) to tell his story; and 2) to make known that Hamlet has named Fortinbras as his successor. It is also known as the Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. This above all: to thine own self be true, | And it must follow, as the night the day, | Thou canst not then be false to any man. William Shakespeare's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. William Shakespeare was an English playwright and poet, widely considered the best in the English (or any other) language. View Hamlet summary.pdf from ENGLISH MISC at Ascension of Our Lord Secondary School. Polonius expresses his regrets for not containing Hamlet in his madness earlier. But we feel that we need to warn you: be prepared to become a “Hamlet” addict! Or all of them to be exact. 10. Laertes uses the moment to stab Hamlet, who, unlike his mother or his father, doesn’t die instantly – but lives long enough to steal Laertes blade and stab him. <9��B��_�lH|�'+q��!�kf�� D�V�� G�������9��hWh���|'���Ld>�0K18Q$|����DF�ΰ��*)�4_��W�!�2 7�R1�6-��/ ����gv_fO��6��j,�f�2l�����쪶u� q�����B�R���/�|�bw2�j�`ֺ�0�Ć7 z��`L)��y¬� n��'��� T���l��&. Francisco is keeping watch at Elsinore castle. Scene Summary . And even Laertes dies before Hamlet, even though both are stabbed with the same poisoned sword. Prince Hamlet’s close friend who has come to see if the soldiers' reports of a ghost are real. We see Polonius in the act of sending Reynaldo after Laertes to inquire into his sons conduct. How noble in reason, how infinite in faculty, in form and moving how express and admirable, in action how like an Angel, in apprehension how like a god, the beauty of the world, the paragon of animals. Download Free PDF. You’d think there’s some method in her madness too, but you’d be very wrong since that doesn’t explain why Ophelia ends up drowned in the end. Hamlet’s friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, to watch him. Hamlet sees through their act straight away and that inspires a monologue you can quote at some dinner party if you want to sound deep and dark: What a piece of work is man! Although it strives to have an underlying sense of unity, there are some minor differences, such as the layout of the daily lesson plans. Includes study questions and answers along with topics for papers and sample outlines. Ophelia – Polonius’s daughter, the inspiration for a painting you won’t be able to take your eyes off. And – oh! Plot. Buy Study Guide. “Hamlet” has influenced so many things that there are more Wikipedia articles about the play than there are articles overall in most of the encyclopedias you’ve read as a child! the world’s most filmed story after Cinderella, you don’t exactly question what you want to be true yourself, numerous studies have tried to find out if it would work at all. And “the world’s most filmed story after Cinderella”! Hamlet is shocked to find his mother already remarried to his Uncle Claudius, the dead king's brother. When Laertes name comes up, Reynaldo is to pretend … PDF. First performed around 1600, Hamlet tells the story of a prince whose duty to revenge his father’s death entangles him in philosophical problems he can’t solve.Shakespeare’s best-known play is widely regarded as the most influential literary work ever written. HORATIO What are you, that you walk out so late at night, He instructs Reynaldo very precisely in the method of obtaining this information. A mysterious figure with the appearance of the recently dead King of Denmark. Claudius dies, and Hamlet dies immediately after achieving his revenge. Old Hamlet should be somewhere around here: The guy we quoted earlier (Marcellus) and another sentry (Bernardo) tell Horatio (Hamlet’s best bud) about the ghost sightings, after which they all agree to tell Hamlet himself. Hamlet pdf is one of the most famous novels by William Shakespeare. Hamlet Deutsch von ROLAND SCHIMMELPFENNIG Fassung vom 17.8.2011 F 1433. They repeat a rumor that Ophelia committed suicide and wonder whether she ought to be buried in hallowed ground. Hamlet is a deep thinker, focusing on impossible to answer questions about religion, death, truth, … Hamlet: The protagonist of the play and prince of Denmark. The first edition of the novel was published inand was written by William Shakespeare. After some witty and macabre banter on the nature of gravedigging, Hamlet and Horatio enter. Polonius grows concerned over 4 Full PDFs related to this paper `Hamlet', Art and Practicality Joost Daalder Throughout Hamlet, the hero shows a persistent fascination with art. LAERTES, son to Polonius. William Shakespeare 's Hamlet follows the young prince Hamlet home to Denmark to attend his father's funeral. This paper. We’d like to invite you to download our free 12 min app, for more amazing summaries and audiobooks. He instructs Reynaldo very precisely in the method of obtaining this information. Ʉ��,���"��G�q�P�-0�?�:"+����gP�Ϛ�祛�G�� Download Hamlet: A Shakespeare Story (Shakespeare Stories) by Andrew Matthews in PDF EPUB format complete free. We don’t know about him – but his girlfriend Ophelia has definitely gone bananas in the meantime, wandering around Elsinore and singing Valentine songs to absolutely nobody. 2 0 obj It is Shakespeare's longest play with 30,557 words. 3 0 obj She dies. Claudius, des Königs Bruder, ermordet den Herrscher, reißt die Krone an sich und heiratet Gertrude, die Witwe des Königs. On a dark winter night, a ghost walks the ramparts of Elsinore Castle in Denmark. Hamlet is first and foremost the Prince of Denmark. Hamlet Act 4 Summary and Analysis - Gertrude informs Claudius about the murder of Polonius by Hamlet. And he doesn’t kill him, since – smart as he is – he realizes that killing him during prayer may result in Claudius going to heaven. It was then shortened to just Hamel and it is known this way since then. Which is – we have to say – a needlessly complicated way to kill someone; and which is why numerous studies have tried to find out if it would work at all! Remember when we told you above that Hamlet decided not to kill the praying heaven-bound Claudius a while ago? Read our modern English translation. However, Hamlet does well during the duel leading two to none – but also to Gertrude toasting to his health by drinking the poisoned wine in his stead. Erickson and Savoie Hamlet Unit Plan 1 Hamlet Unit Plan Grade 12 English 30-1 Unit plan by: Drew Erickson and Brettney Savoie Authors’ Note This unit is a collaboration effort. Hamlet accepts it alright – but there’s a catch he doesn’t know anything about: Laertes’ sword is poisoned. Hamlet (frühneuenglisch The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke) ist eine Tragödie von William Shakespeare. Laertes, son of Polonius, is leaving for Paris. 9. b Hamlet’s mother, Gertrude, drinks from a poison cup meant for Hamlet. There have been many movies made of the play. Young Hamlet returns home from university to discover the world-shattering news that, not only is his father (Old Hamlet) newly dead, but that his mother, Gertrude, has married Old Hamlet's brother, Claudius, and that Claudius is now king. With 4042 lines and 29551 words, Hamlet is the longest Shakespearean play. But, hey – it’s the age of yore (i.e., the age of “you can trust no one but your closest relatives”) – and brothers-in-law are always the first ones to help distressed widows, right? There are more things in Heaven and Earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy. Hamlet meets the ghost of his dead father who reveals that Claudius poisoned him—and the ghost demands Hamlet exact revenge. Act Two begins with Polonius speaking to one of his servants, Reynaldo, about his son, Laertes, who has by this time returned to Paris. Hamlet is brought before the king and is directly questioned as to the whereabouts of Polonius’ … Premium PDF Package. Anyway, you don’t have to be an Einstein (or a Hamlet) to realize – as a sentry called Marcellus does early on – that “something is rotten in the state of Denmark.”, (Although, to be fair, back in the real world, it is anything but.). He is in a state of mourning and despair over the death of his father. All in all, it seems that Hamlet is the best actor around, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are not the sharpest tools in the shed. Act Two begins with Polonius speaking to one of his servants, Reynaldo, about his son, Laertes, who has by this time returned to Paris. Instead, the throne was seized by Hamlet's uncle Claudius, who also married Hamlet's mother, Gertrude. The dates for writing this book are not confirmed from the life of Shakespeare. Claudius tries to stop her saying ‘Gertrude, do not drink’ but it’s too late and Gertrude slowly dies. About thirty years old at the start of the play, Hamlet is the son of Queen Gertrude and the late King Hamlet, and the nephew of the present king, Claudius. Especially, since he doesn’t think that it’s a mouse or a cat! Analysis of Hamlet . “Hamlet PDF Quotes” This above all: to thine own self be true, | And it must follow, as the night the day, | Thou canst not then be false to any man. Critical Commentaries: Act V, Scene 2 99 chough a chatterer. A Study Guide for William … REA's MAXnotes for William Shakespeare's Hamlet The MAXnotes offers a comprehensive summary and analysis of Hamlet and a biography of William Shakespeare. POLONIUS, lord chamberlain. He is around 30 years old when the play opens. Download Full PDF Package. Hamlet’s trusted friend, Horatio, reports it to Hamlet. Well, you can try finding him yourself. (By the way, if you have trouble finding your way around the story – we’ve listed all the characters just below; be sure to check them out every time you get the “I’m-at-a-family-gathering-knowing-nobody” feeling.). <> Polonius, the Court Chamberlain, also commands Ophelia to avoid contact with Hamlet. The final Act begins with a conversation between two gravediggers as they dig Ophelia’s grave. Fortunately, “Hamlet” is on many school’s obligatory reading lists, so we guess you’re here not because you don’t want to read it, but because you have trouble reading it. Because some people want to know absolutely everything about it! So, he arranges few different ways to kill him. The lines spoken indicate that he thinks Polonius is the King. PDF. 7. e Hamlet’s girlfriend Ophelia kills herself. Create a free account to download. Hamlet Summary and Analysis of Act 5. READ PAPER. And, for some reason, acting mad is Hamlet’s best idea of finding out. And yet to me, what is this quintessence of dust? Namely, he was murdered by Claudius who slipped some poison in his ear while he was napping. With “The Murder of Gonzago” – that’s the title of Hamlet’s play – Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” goes all meta: there’s a play within a play played by actors who pretend to be other actors! 8. i Laertes dies in a fight with Hamlet. even today You just need to go to the city of Helsingør and ask around. By heaven, I charge thee, speak. A short summary of this paper. stream Not finding any of this funny, the king informs Hamlet that he is to leave for England--and at once. Unless you’ve watched the Kenneth Branagh 1996 adaptation, there’s a big chance that you don’t know that “Hamlet” is Shakespeare’s longest play. But if you think this is complicated, wait till you hear about Hamlet’s plan! Because you’ll find everything in it: betrayal, love, lust, revenge, plots, madness, suicide – and, yes, about as many murders as in a whole season of a CSI show! Polonius – the King’s chief counselor and the father of Ophelia and Laertes. When Horatio and the watchmen bring Prince Hamlet, the son of Gertrude and the dead king, to see the ghost, it speaks to him, declaring ominously that it is indeed his fathers spirit, and that he was murdered by non… For many actors, playing Hamlet is one of the most important parts of their career. The most powerful, the most influential, the most well-known, the most performed play ever written. Once he is certain of the king’s guilt, Hamlet E CRD T THE PY SRES D SES PERRTED RRCS THE PY THE ESSY CEDE-ETS THEMES, MOTIFS AND SYMBOLS THEMES AND MOTIFS The central subject or topic in a work of literature (or art) is referred to as its theme. endobj So, basically, by this moment, everybody is spying on everybody! The ghost of Prince Hamlet’s father appears to the guards of Elsinore Castle. meed a merited recompense or Get free homework help on William Shakespeare's Hamlet: play summary, scene summary and analysis and original text, quotes, essays, character analysis, and filmography courtesy of CliffsNotes. For more Hamlet resources, go to http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/hamlet/. He thinks that it’s a rat, a man-like rat in the shape of Claudius! [PDF] [EPUB] Hamlet: A Shakespeare Story (Shakespeare Stories) Download by Andrew Matthews. When Polonius, the pompous Lord Cham-berlain, suggests that Hamlet may be mad with love for his daughter, Ophelia, Claudius agrees to spy on Hamlet in conversation with the girl. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet (/ˈhæmlɪt/), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime between 1599 and 1601. endobj Fortinbras – Prince of Norway and, by the end of the play, Denmark as well; son of Fortinbras, the dead King of Norway. Ghost. The final Act begins with a conversation between two gravediggers as they dig Ophelias grave. »Hamlet« beruht höchstwahrscheinlich auf zwei Quellen: Zum ersten bezieht Shakespeare sich wohl auf die Geschichte von »Amlethus, Prinz von Dänemark«, die in der »Historia Danica« des Saxo Grammaticus auf Latein erschienen war, die 1514 erstmals gedruckt wurde. Alexandra M Stabile . 7���Y(J(��&��x� �%'L�n�WC���~@]j.�:*#�Q�B�V�t_H��I�,�b��%='i���7'��N��V(R5"YW���� #�1B](7L�P�ɢ(V^����O�d^J!l��|t@g����NXP�P� ��n��u��;\3��=�M����85Ы�i)�u��_p�Y�R���p��9���7� I Unsurprisingly, if you take into consideration that he’s called “the father of the English language,” having used more than 20,000 different words in his works, about a tenth of them (1700) for the first time in written history. 29 Consider aspects of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark that make this play a tragedy. Now, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern bring with themselves a troupe of actors they met while traveling to Elsinore. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> For Hamlet, this marriage was a big shock and considered it “foul incest”. Because, of course, even though Claudius married Gertrude suspiciously hasty, and even though he just heard from some ghostly figure in the shape of his dead father things nobody but him could have known, Hamlet is not really sure if Claudius did murder his father. Hamlet’s rage turns to violence in the scene where he confronts Gertrude and kills Polonius (III, iv). Convinced that the appearance of a ghost means evil is afoot, the guards resolve to tell the late kings son, Prince Hamlet, about the ghost of his father. The Prevalent Social and Emotional Themes in the Play "Hamlet" 'Hamlet' Act 1 Summary, Scene by Scene. Hamlet replies with a riddle and as the riddle is elaborated and embellished upon it yields the location of the corpse. Consequently, it’s difficult to choose his finest works, but, by acclamation, his four great tragedies – “Hamlet,” “Macbeth,” “Othello,” and “King Lear” (all written in the first five or six years of the 17th century) – are considered literary landmarks of such distinction that new languages test their worth and developing stage by translating them. Prince Hamlet has been summoned home to Denmark to attend his father’s funeral. Soon enough, you realize that some of the characters play their roles better than the others, and that some are simply gullible. Once he does return, he realizes that Gertrude and Claudius are already married. View Hamlet Act 1 summary.pdf from COMM 121 at Portage College. He is further disturbed that his mother, Queen Gertrude, has married his uncle, Claudius, who is also the brother of the late king. Marcellus. Hamlet Act 1 Summary and Analysis - Outside the castle, a guard named Francisco is posted who receives Barnardo in the middle of the night to take over his … Hamlet Themes. 4 0 obj surprise! %PDF-1.5 His uncle, fearing for his life, also devises plots to kill Hamlet. Mercifully, since Hamlet tells Horatio to not kill himself which Horatio desperately wants because – why the hell not! Summary Scene 1. You’d expect from a student at a university to express a more profund disbelief, but – hey! Prince Hamlet has been summoned home to Denmark to attend his father’s funeral. ��,��[�*���Gn��8$���T7�D�f���T5ƷT����!�A4��-��t��2����zi-��_�����S.zu&�3�zu��չ܄�'|��r0D�1 �j��|�]��'|�Ĥ��a���M�W��5�أ��b�EU��QXGD�>�� ���M!���.�/��Q���H�cC&��ώ��_'�K���L�j|�Wt��"���`�v互�6H�@ϛq��(�E Polonius expresses his regrets for not containing Hamlet in his madness earlier. #BLACKFRIDAY 12min - Get your career back on track! It is one of the largest roles written by Shakespeare. Quick and easy synopsis of the Shakespeare play, Hamlet. And the reason why she went mad: the death of her father Polonius. They listen for general and specific information and also make notes on what they heard. First we learn Hamlet is summoned home from Wittenberg (where he is a student) to attend his father’s funeral – like you need a special invitation to do that! When he reaches there, he finds that his mother Queen Gertrude has already remarried to his fraternal uncle, Claudius. Doubt thou the stars are fire; | Doubt that the sun doth move; | Doubt truth to be a liar; | But never doubt I love. Or to put that into different terms, if you’ve never read “Hamlet,” don’t even try to pretend that you know your books. So, next time when you’re feeling “uncomfortable” and “gloomy” at work because your “manager” is a “worthless,” “cold-blooded” “madcap,” don’t be surprised if someone asked you if you’re quoting Shakespeare! William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet takes place in Elsinore, Denmark after the death of King Hamlet. Converted to TEX, pdf and ps by Carlos Campani, campani@ufpel.tche.br. And, in the meantime, as Ophelia awaits him and Claudius and Polonius are spying on him, he even manages to utter – out of the blue – a whole soliloquy whose opening line even people who’ve never opened a book know by heart. 6. a Hamlet is sent away to England. Fortunately for Hamlet, Claudius reacts the way he wants him to react, and there’s no more doubt in Hamlet’s mind: he is definitely the killer of his father, also Hamlet. Gravediggers, Actors, Osric and other unimportant people who appear for a scene because Shakespeare had an actors troupe and had to give a role to each and every one of his members. Of course, Gertrude demands an explanation from her son – along the lines of “What was up with that play, my boy? 1 0 obj Once again, he is not really alone; he has told Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to move away but they are still on stage, following their orders to watch him. Professor Regina Buccola, Chair of Humanities at Roosevelt University, provides an in-depth summary and analysis of William Shakespeare's play Hamlet. There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so. Also – one of the small number of R-rated paperbacks your parents will be happy to see you reading! (Which makes you think: “Hamlet” might have never been written if Gertrude’s mother was a certain Bernarda Alba!). The king then reveals this to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and asks Gertrude for meeting wisest of their friends and decide what to do about this. No Fear Shakespeare – Hamlet (by SparkNotes) -3- Original Text Modern Text 45 HORATIO What art thou that usurp’st this time of night Together with that fair and warlike form In which the majesty of buried Denmark Did sometimes march? The proverbial catalysator is Laertes, Ophelia’s brother, who comes back from France and is, expectedly, pretty mad with Hamlet which leads to a fight at Ophelia’s funeral. Hamlet is a young prince in Denmark who was supposed to become king when his father (also named Hamlet) died. A couple of guards discuss an unsettling recent phenomenon: a ghost resembling Denmarks newly deceased king has been regularly appearing outside the castle at night. The resultant instability has also led to threats of invasion by a solider from a neighbouring state, Fortinbras. He was born and died on the same day – 23 April – 52 years apart (1564 – 1616). 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